The thyroid gland is located in the center of your neck above the sternum. It functions to regulate your metabolism. Most problems relate to thyroid glands that work too hard or not hard enough and these can be helped with medication for the most part. Many times, patients develop nodules or lumps in their thyroid gland. Needle aspiration, usually done in the office but sometimes with radiology assistance, can usually tell if the nodule is suspicious. If it is concerning, surgical removal may be performed by an ENT physician.
The parathyroid glands are located in the neck attached to the thyroid gland. They are partially responsible for controlling the level of calcium in the bloodstream, bones and muscles. Many times these glands malfunction and require either medical or surgical treatment. If the calcium level in your blood is too high, symptoms such as tiredness, muscle aches, nausea, and mood changes can occur. A simple blood test is all that is required to diagnose parathyroid disease.